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Steps Associated With Bone Marrow Transplant

The chances of a bone marrow getting destroyed or damaged are on the higher side. It could be due to any infections, disease and then chemotherapy is performed where the damaged cells are being replaced by the healthy ones. It works out to be a medical procedure where the stem cells of the blood turn towards the bone marrow whereby new blood cells are being produced along with the formation of a bone marrow. More often than not a bone marrow replicates a sponge-like tissue. Inside the bone, there is a fatty tissue which goes on to create

  • RBC that is known to carry nutrients along with oxygen throughout the body
  • WBC that goes on to fight infection
  • Platelets that are responsible for blood clots

Let us now analyze the various steps associated with the best bone marrow transplant centers in India as follows

Planning ahead

One has to sort out their plans along with personal issues well ahead so that full attention to the recovery phase can be provided

Preparation

One of the main areas of focus is that you would need to prepare a donor for an implant. This is even if you are the donor or someone else has come forward. If it is the later their genetic strengths should match with yours.

Conditioning

When both the patient along with the donor is ready for a transplant, then the surgeon is going to start the process of conditioning. It would chemotherapy, total radiation of the body where the  cancer is killed along with an unhealthy bone marrow

Transplant

The transplant is going to take place once the process of conditioning is over

Engraftment and waiting for it

It is a process where the stem cells that are being received from the donor starts growing and begins to develop. It would indicate that the bone marrow along with the immune system is developing. The patient is going to be monitored closely and any form of complications or side effects could arise. The caretaker along with the medical team is going to support you at an emotional level.

Recovering phase after the process of engraftment is over

Once an allogeneic transplant is performed, the starting phase of recovery is just about 3 months and when it is autologous it extends to a single month only. The patient is going to be under strict observation whereby regular blood tests are going to be part of the post-operative care.

Recovery for a long time

Once an allogeneic transplant is performed you will need to stay in the hospital for a long time. This is for an extended period of recovery and you would need to take part in a follow-up program as well. Resources on a lifelong basis are going to be provided after the operation is over. In fact, they are going to sit with you along with your team to formulate a procedure for discharge evaluation. If it happens to be an autologous transplant there is not going to be an issue.

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